Onam Dance: Onam is one of the most crucial fairs for the humans of Kerala. The pageant indicates the time for harmony and people additionally accept as true with that the mythical King
Mahabali makes a visit to each Keralite residence on this day. This competition lasts for ten days, the tenth day (Thiruvonam) being the maximum critical day.
There are many celebrations that take region all through Onam some of them being dances, a grand dinner party, conventional games, snake boat races and pookalam. There are 5 traditional dances which are finished at some stage in Onam competition. They are Kathakali, Kaikottikali, Kummatikali, Pulikali and Thumbi Thullal. Some of these dances are accomplished simplest by the women folk while some of them are done handiest by the men folks. All the dances are precise in its own way with uncommon costumes and dance steps.
- Kaikottikali: Kaikottikali is the most vital dance of Onam competition in Kerala. The dance is likewise referred to as Thiruvathirakali because the dance is likewise achieved on Thiruvathira. It is a graceful dance commonly accomplished by center aged women in a circular style (clockwise and anti-clockwise) round a decorated pookalam (rangoli) layout. A nilavilakku (a massive coconut-fed oil lamp) is likewise placed in the center of the pookalam. Usually, round eight to 10 girls participate inside the dance. The gown for Kaikottikali is straightforward which incorporates conventional Kerala set sarees that are white in color and have golden borders. The hair is tied up in a bun with sparkling jasmine plant life connected to the hair which enhances the beauty of the dancer. They also wear a few gadgets of gold jewelry. Usually, the track for the dance is sung by way of a hard and fast of people on the mike rather than maintaining it on a tape. Sometimes the dancers themselves sing the song. They sing and dance to the rhythm of clapping fingers. The dance does no longer contain lively actions and is a gentle dance with a variety of significance given to facial expressions. The girls nearly sway like the breeze in gentle bends downwards, sideways and at instances preserve shifting within the circle from one fellow dancer to the alternative to share a few claps with them. Enough practice is needed before the dance is accomplished in public because it has to be finished co-ordinately with the claps also accomplished in unison. This dance is on occasion executed as a ritual by way of married ladies (for the nicely being of their husbands) and via unmarried girls (to get desirable husbands). Sometimes men also participate in the dance as seen in some components of the Malabar coast.
- Thumbi Thullal :Thumbi Thullal is a people dance completed with the aid of women in the event of Onam pageant. In this dance also, the ladies sit in a circle around a person who sits in the center of the circle retaining a gaggle of leaves referred to as Thumba (the leaves of the thumbapoo) leaves. This character is called as ‘Thumbi’ (means dragonfly in Malayalam). About six to seven girls participate in Thumbi Thullal sporting their conventional clothes. The man or woman in the center is the one who sings the track in her melodious voice even as the women surrounding her will sway, clap and flow to the song. The tune first starts offevolved with a gradual pace which progressively keeps rising to a high tempo. The dance ends when the pace of the tune again decreases returned to how it started. The lady inside the center is the leader of the institution and she dances in one of these ways that she will be able to appear like a possessed female. This artwork form is hardly ever achieved in recent times and is speedy on extinction.
- Kummatikali: Kummatikali is likewise just like Puli kali as in that this art form also consists of colorful masked people but the difference is they don’t dress up like tigers. In fact the maximum interesting aspect of Kummattikali is the heavily clad performers wearing precise costumes. This dance derives its name from a long stick of agricultural produce referred to as Kummattikali which is also used by the dancers at some point of the performance. Kummattikali is commonly finished in Trichur and Palghat districts of Kerala at some point of the competition of Onam (on Thiruvonam). Kummattikali is virtually a devotional shape of art in which the performers dance to thrill the gods and goddesses. It is normally executed through men whose costumes are like skirts which can be woven through the use of plaited grass. The whole body is sometimes blanketed with plenty of grass and leaves. The face is also blanketed with implementing timber masks which might be exceptionally embellished with artwork representing characters from the Hindu mythology usually from the epic, Ramayana. Some of the characters which are depicted encompass Lord Hanuman, Lord Rama, an antique girl referred to as ‘thamma’ and demons. The masks itself is manufactured from saprophyte, jackfruit tree, Alstonia scholaris, hog plum tree or coral tree. It may be very expensive to make these masks which might be organized months earlier than the actual show. The artists could have the appearance of a person who has an open mouth with none teeth. This is executed using ‘talla’ that are attached at the out of doors of the masks. The performers of Kummattikali dance to the tunes of a bow-like stringed musical device referred to as onavillu. Kummatikali human beings flow from house to residence in the event of Onam to entertain humans and additionally to gather something in coins or kind which includes rice, jaggery or small gifts. In fact, in the olden days, they used to transport from one village to another village at some stage in Onam. Children virtually experience looking the dances of those performers. Sometimes the beats of the instrument make an eerie feeling within the atmosphere. Kummattikali does not need a great deal practice or grand training for being executed. It is a people dance form which can be learned on-the-cross with the aid of looking at the other contributors or through simply transferring yourself in a devotional way in step with the rhythm of the beats. The overall performance typically starts in the afternoon and goes on until sundown. One character from the group who is also the leader will sing the music for the dance. Those who are wearing the colored masks aren’t supposed to sing at the side of the chief. In earlier days, simplest humans from the Nair community in Kerala used to perform Kummattikali but now this has modified and anybody from any caste is authorized to participate in it. Even non-Hindus come ahead to take part inside the artwork shape which enables to foster communal concord.
- Puli kali: Puli kali is also known as Kaduvakali. It is particularly executed on the fourth day (Naalam Onam) of Onam festival (two days after Thiruvonam) usually in Trichur and Palghat districts of Kerala. Puli Kali is a recreational folk artwork wherein human beings paint their our bodies with colorful designs of a puli (tiger) and dance at the streets to the rhythmic beats of conventional devices referred to as udukku, chenda and thakil. The face of the dancers is also included with masks of tigers. Many people accumulate along the streets to observe those dances. The frame of the dancers is painted in brilliant colors of yellow, purple and black. This dance desires a few schooling before it’s miles enacted in the front of the general public. The folks who perform Puli kali have lots of endurance as the makeup of this dance is really strenuous which needs to be one day before the actual performance itself. Two or three coatings are given to the paintings with the intention to enhance and brighten them. Each of the coatings takes greater than hours to dry up after software. Before painting, the performers ought to first shave their body and cast off the hair. The paint used for making the designs are also toxic in nature which creates a burning sensation specifically if it touches the eye by means of mistake. In olden days, each and every complex a part of the tiger was painted at the body and face of the artiste. But in contemporary international, some performers who aren’t geared up to undergo this strenuous adventure use geared up made mask, tooth, tongue, and beards. A broad belt packed with jingles is also worn across the waist which the performers keep shaking to make noise. Children enjoy looking these performers dance and walk like tigers to the beats of the contraptions. Some of the spectators additionally be a part of the artistes to behave like tigers and dance with them. Sometimes the artistes also pounce like a tiger to depict how a real tiger might try to catch its prey. One character within the group acts like a hunter who attempts to capture the tigers. In Trichur, the procession of Puli kali troupes circulates across the Swaraj spherical in front of the Vadakkunathan temple.
- Kathakali: Kathakali is a totally particular and unrivaled form of artwork and is the most well-known artwork form of Kerala. It is an artwork comprising a balanced mixture of drama, tune, and dance. ‘Katha’ in Malayalam means tale and ‘Kali’ method dance which indicates that Kathakali depicts a story via dance. Kathakali is a totally difficult art shape to master and wishes a number of experience, dedication, and skills. A lot of control has to be done within the movement of the frame, eyes, hands, eyelids, eyebrows, and neck. It may take several years for someone to acquire perfection in Kathakali. Kathakali is a combined form of five art bureaucracy which incorporates Sahithyam (literature), Sangeetham (tune), Chithram (painting), Natyam (acting) and Nritham (dance). As Kathakali comprises all of the sections of artwork, it’s far famously called an ‘entire theatrical art shape’. The acting component is finished in mimes without any dialogues. As a result, tricky and best facial expressions and best movement of gestures and mudras are needed to make the tale understood to the target market. There is a kalamandalam (dance theatre) within the Cheruthuruthy district of Kerala in which Kathakali is taught and is given the most importance. The art form depicts tales from the Ramayana and Mahabharata. One of the maximum well-known Kathakali exponents is Tottam Sankaran Nambutiri.Kathakali is an after-darkish or nocturnal performance. A massive nilavilakku (a huge coconut-fed oil lamp) is placed in the front of the artists. A piece of material known as a tirasila is held by using two humans as a curtain before the performance starts. Four units are especially used particularly, chenda, maddalam, chengila and elathalam. In this dance form, the actors do now not speak but most effective act the padams (sections) thru becoming symbols referred to as mudras and facial expressions to the songs sung via the musician from in the back of. The songs used for Kathakali are composed in a language referred to as Manipravalam (a combination of Tamil and Sanskrit). A very unique function of Kathakali is its complex costumes and makeup machine. The costumes consist of a large and intricate headgear that is crafted from light-weight timber. The headgear is adorned with colored stones and mirrors. The rest of the gown consists of layers of skirts made from very shiny colorations. The artists additionally put on heavy gold jewelry. Those who’re depicting evil characters along with demons wear beards and talons (huge claws) which gives an extra beastly look. The make-up incorporates of five simple sets namely Pacha (that means green), Kathi, Kari, Thaadi, and Minukku. A Kathakali overall performance starts offevolved with a musical note called Thiranottam. The tune that is sung for Kathakali could be very specific and is one at a time referred to as sopaanam.Kathakali has been advanced and inspired from some of the conventional ancient South Indian dances including Krishnattam, Koodiyattam, and Theyyam. Initially, only Hindu subject matters taken from the Epics and Puranas was enacted however of past due even non-Hindu issues are being achieved. To begin with, Kathakali used to be done in the course of the night time but recently this length has been decreased to simply two to a few hours. Moreover, in advance days, only men have been allowed to perform in Kathakali. But in recent times even girls have begun to come into view in Kathakali presentations. In 1985, a Kathakali troupe was sent to Paris to present their overall performance at a show known as Festival of India. In olden days, Kathakali was once completed only within the courtyards of temples or on the King’s palace, however, these days it’s far being achieved at auditoriums and open grounds. Some of the folks that are liable for the improvement of Kathakali into this kind of famous artwork form are Kottakara Thampuran, Kaplingat Nambutiri, Karthika Thirunal Ramavarma, Vallathol Narayana Menon (the well-known Malayalee poet) and Vidwan Tampuran of Kottayam.